From Hand Tool to Simple Machine
Tuesday, October 13, 2015

A reputable source on everything and anything, Encyclopædia Britannica, defines hand tool as, “any of the implements used by craftsmen in manual operations, such as chopping, chiseling, filing, or forging.” So for those of you sitting at a desk reading, a computer isn’t a hand tool. However, while we may have planted the thought of machine tool and hand tool definitions in your head previously, this time around, it’s slightly different. Before power and machine tools were the norm in trades and professions, craftsmen relied on their own skills to accomplish a task. But once electricity was more and more commonplace, other tools and simple machines began to take the place of hand tools.

Whether it’s woodturning, metal turning, or another form of turning that tickles your fancy, all of the work that is done during any form of turning requires some form of tools. Multi-use tools, cutting tools, shaping tools, cutting and edge tools, and simple machine tools — these are just a few of the tools commonly used across the several facets of the turning industry. Whatever size, shape, and form these known tools had for centuries in Europe, during the Industrial Age in the United States is when they began to change. Some were even replaced began to develop from hand tools into simple machines.

·      Boring Tool
Boring is the process of enlarging any hole that has already been cast or drilled, often by rotary motion. Now there are boring machines, boring mills, and even horizontal boring machines. A simple machine that we know that conducts this job? A screw.

·      Cutting Tool
Of course, if this were any other case, the first thing that comes to mind is most likely scissors. But in the cases of manufacturing and machining, a cutting tool is a tool that does have a sharp edge, but it’s used to remove material from the workpiece by deforming the material. Nowadays, machine tools have cutting tools that can be multi-point or single-point tools. In modern manufacturing, cutting tools must be made of a material that is harder than the material that’s being cut — another parameter that hand tools may not have been able to meet. Fly cutters, hacksaw blades, and tool bits are all modern cutting tools, each of which has their own functions and requirements.

·      Holding Tool
If the name didn’t give you a clue, a holding tool holds the workpiece in place while it is being worked on. Depending on the work or turning being done, a holding tool can either hold the workpiece in a fixed location, or it can control the location and/or the motion of whatever the craftsman is working on.

 
For centuries, before power and electricity made manufacturing and machining more streamlined and efficient, people used their own hands in order to work. Hand tools allowed people to create new articles leisure, play, work, and everything in between. But now that machine tools have come to complete the jobs once meant for hand tools, what turning tools apply Encyclopædia Britannica’s distinct definition?





 
 

Blog Categories

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    • 05/23/2017 - The Mother of Machine Tools –
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    • 03/17/2015 - A Brief History of Geometric L
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  • Historical Turning

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